Kaspersen William posted an update 5 months ago
Brakes on any vehicle work with a friction pad placed against a disc with force. The friction of the pad against the disc causes heat to spread out over the brake disc, causing the car to slow. The same applies for brake drums with the brake shoe pressed against it, heating up and again slowing the vehicle.
Start under your foot and apply pressure to the brake pedal. This pressure is transferred to brake servo which uses engine power to increase pressure.
How does the pressure transfer to the friction pads (brake)? The secret to brake fluid is in the brake pipe, which runs from the servo and the brakes. Fluid used in cables would need constant adjustment because of stretching due to heat and constant usage.
As mentioned the heat is dissipated from the pad by the brake discs. Ventilated brake discs provide better heat dissipation and more efficient cooling. Ventilated discs improve the air ratio, reduce the buildup of gases, and maintain clean pads. To further improve the braking of a high performance car you can always fit larger discs but you may have to fit different wheels.
Brake pads are obviously an essential part in stopping your car and the higher the friction the better the performance. The fast road pads offer a compromise between racing and standard pads, with some generating zero. Remember that regardless of the pads your driving style will play a large part in the wear on the pads and discs.
ABS prevents lockups when you brake hard. It also allows you to steer your car, but ABS will cut in more.
Braided hoses made of stainless steel resist bending and loss of pressure at the pad ends. They also look better and theoretically last longer. Get a complete set and do both the front and the back.
You have many options to upgrade your cars braking system. An easy upgrade is to fit larger discs. For example, if you have a family car with small discs, you can visit your local breaker to get parts or order online for a performance version. Small cars usually share the same brake parts than their larger brothers and just a small amount of research could turn up some surprises.
General Maintenance of Your Brake System
At least once per year you need to give your brakes a once over. Start by checking your pads and discs for wear and tear. The edge of the discs shouldn’t have a ridge due to excessive wear. Thin discs can crack under extreme heat conditions. You should check your pads for wear, as they can eat into your discs.
The level of brake fluid should be checked at least once a year, but not more than twice a year.
One point to make is to test your brakes by applying them after driving through standing water to remove the water and grease build up.
I hope that you found this useful. It’s important to pay attention to your brakes in order to safely stop your car.
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